Chauhan, Chouhan or Chohan is a clan that ruled parts of northern India in the medieval period. Prithviraj Chauhan, the last Hindu king of Delhi, was a member of this community.
Rajput bardic accounts describe the Chauhans as one of the four Agnikula Rajput clans which claims to have originated from a sacrificial fire-pit (agnikunda) at Mount Abu to fight against the Asuras or demons whereas in context Agnikula is considered as another branch of Suryavanshi Rajput descent.
Descendants of these Chauhan Rajput ruled princely states in Western and Northern India until the pre-independence era. Manik Rai (AD 685), progenitor of Chauhan dynasty was lord of Ajmer and Sambhar in Western Rajwara.
The Chauhans were historically a powerful group in the region now known as Rajasthan. For around 400 years from the 7th century AD their strength in Sambhar was a threat to the power-base of the Guhilots in the south-west of the area, as also was the strength of their fellow Agnivanshi clans. They suffered a set-back in 1192 when their leader, Prithviraj Chauhan, was defeated at the Battle of Tarain but this did not signify their demise.
Anhil was the adam of Chauhans . Their are 39 Chauhan kings from Anhil to Prithviraj Chauhan. Chauhans are divided into 24 branches. The current dynasty of Bundi and Kota are more famous.
Khinchi from Gagron and Radhogarh, Devde from Sirohi, Sonagre from Jalore Chauhan from Suryabah and Sanchore, Paveche from Pavagarh are famous for their bravery.
Descended from: Dhundhar
Common Ancestry: Cheema, Chahal, Chohan Chahar, Chatha, Chhillar
Branches: Sanchora, Songara, Lonia Hada, Deora, Bhadurias, Chavan, Rajkunwar.
Ruled in: Nadol, Jalor, Dhundhar, Ajmer, Delhi, Haryana, Neemrana, Hadoti, Godwar, Awadh
Princely States: Ajmer (7th c.-1365), Ranthambore (1236–1302), Tulsipur (7th c.-1857 AD), Mainpuri, Devgadh Baria, Bundi, Sirohi, Kotah.
गोत्र – वत्स, पर्वर- च्वयन, भार्गव, जामदगन्य, अप्तुवान
वेद – सामवेद
शाखा – कूथुमी
सूत्र – गोभिल, ग्राहेसुत्र
गुरु – वसिष्ठ
ऋषि – शांडिल्य
कुलदेवी – शाकम्भरी देवी, आशापुरा माता